Machu Picchu  - Peru

Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and later abandoned, it’s renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery.

While returning with the train from the Machu Picchu in Peru we met a group of very artistic Slovenians in the train. Whe had an animated time, and they where drinking local Peruvian liquor. I don’t know of it was due to the liquor but suddenly they began to sing their national antheme. The low male-voices and the very melodius sound made us feel lyric. France Pre�eren is Slovenia’s greatest and most celebrated poet. The national awards for culture bear his name, and are awarded on the National Day of Culture (February 8th), an official holiday. A widely renowned figure of European Romanticism, Pre�eren established through his prodigious work a focus for Slovenia’s first national programme. “Zdravljica” represents the peak of Pre�eren’s political poetry.

It was written in autumn 1844, removed from the manuscript of the collection of poems Poezije (1847) by the censors, and published on April 26, 1848 in the newspaper Novice after the collapse of

Metternich’s absolutism and the termination of censorship. Its dominant idea, a radical demand for freedom of the Slovenian nation, arises from the humanistic vision of equality and friendly coexistence of all nations, and all people’s right to independence. It originates from the concepts of the French Revolution of equality, freedom and brotherhood, which were adjusted to the basic political needs of the Slovenian people at the time of the “Spring of Nations” and concerned their independence. However, Pre�ren’s

“Marseillaise” reaches beyond the nature of a political manifesto and bears a strong note of intimate humanity. In the history of constituting the Slovenian nation Pre�eren’s “Zdravljica” was of extreme conceptual significance. It became particularly topical during the occupation and National Liberation Struggle from 1941 to 1945, and in the period of what was called the “Slovenian Spring” in the eighties when it started to be sung as the national anthem on state holidays and major public events. Zdravljica was proclaimed the new Slovenian anthem on September 27, 1989 when the Slovenian Assembly adopted the Amendments to the Slovenian Constitution. The National Anthem of the Republic of Slovenia was adopted on March 29, 1990 and specified the seventh stanza, set to the music of Stanko Premrl as the actual anthem. Following the independence of Slovenia, the National Assembly adopted (in 1994) the law governing the official crest, the national flag and the anthem of the Republic of Slovenia.

Original Slovenian Words

Slovenian Antheme

English Translation

God’s blessing on all nations,
Who long and work for that bright day,

When o’er earth’s habitation

No war, no strife shall hold its sway;

Who long to see

That all man free

No more shall foes, but neighbours be.

Who long to see

That all man free

No more shall foes, but . . .

No more shall foes, but neighbours be.

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MAR 03, 1999
About Mazalien
Mazalien the Philosopher and sky watcher is born about 50 years ago and is very much a travel buff. The most beautiful in the world is, of course, the world itself. So lets explore the world drifting from one world of dreams into another.....